In Hungary, the first level of a legal attack against an IP right is at the Hungarian IPO. This can be an observation against a pending application, an opposition against a trademark application (please note that opposition is not available in the field of Hungarian patents), or a revocation or invalidation action against a granted IP right. These steps are governed by the laws related to public administration.

If any of the parties are not satisfied with the decision of the Hungarian IPO, a request for reconsideration can be filed at the Metropolitan Court. This will be the first instance of the court proceeding. The decision of the first instance is subject to appeal at the Appeal Court.

Infringement cases or cases regarding the inventor’s remuneration shall be started directly at the court level and the decision is appealable.

Preliminary injunction is also available in Hungary.